Punk or punk rock is a genre of rock music developed in-between 1974 and 1976 within the United States, Australia and United Kingdom. Bands performing this type of music focused on producing garage rock creations plus other forms of the now-called proto-punk music. They avoided the excessiveness that was quite common in mainstream 1970s rock.
Punk bands developed fast and hard-edged music, generally with stripped-down instrumentation, short songs as well as often anti-establishment, political lyrics. Punk embraces DIY ethic and many bands self-produced recordings, distributing them via informal channels.
“Punk” first was applied by certain American critics relative to rock music in early 1970s, describing garage bands along with their devotees. Bands like The Clash and Sex Pistols in London, as well as Ramones and Television in New York City, got recognized as vanguard of a pioneering musical movement. Punk rock then spread around the globe in the year following, becoming major cultural phenomenon within the United Kingdom. The rock music genre took root especially in local scenes which appeared to reject any association with mainstream music. A related Punk sub-culture emerged and expressed youthful rebellion, easily noticeable through distinctive adornment and styles of clothing. This included deliberately offensive T-shirts, jackets, spike brands, leather jackets plus other spiked or studded jewelry to S&M and bondage clothes, along with a host of anti-authoritarian ideologies.
Faster and more aggressive styles like Oi and hardcore had turned to be the predominant punk rock mode by start of 1980s. Musicians inspired by or identifying with punk pursued an array of alternate variations, which led to alternative rock and post-punk movement. Punk rock got assimilated into the mainstream come end of 20th century, being popularized by bands like Green Day, Blink-182 and The Offspring.
The first wave of punk rock targeted being aggressively modern and distanced itself from sentimentality and bombast of early 1970s rock. It appears that the quality of this rock music variety dwindled later on, with emerging performing artists coming up with non-starting solos. This was a stark contrast of what Jimmy Hendrix and other established musicians would produce earlier.
Punk rock prizes technical accessibility as well as a DIY spirit. Musical virtuosity often got viewed suspiciously, being allegedly composed by amateur musicians who still found the need of expressing themselves through music. Some leading figures of British punk appeared to reject contemporary mainstream rock along with its broader culture, along with the predecessors they themselves earlier celebrated. Even with nostalgia being gradually discarded, many individuals within the scene exhibited nihilistic attitude.
“Self-imposed alienation” was quite common among “gutter punks” and “drunk punks.” Tension was always present between the “radical leftist utopianism” expressed by bands like Crass who experienced a liberating, positive meaning and their nihilistic outlook.
The matter of authenticity is critical within punk subculture. “Poseur” is a term used in reference to persons associating with the rock genre, adopting its style as well, yet lack basic understanding of the philosophy and values underlying it. Often times, Punk rock bands emulate bare musical arrangements and structures which branded the 1960s garage rock music. Typical instrumentation of this music type includes two electric guitars, drum kit, an electric bass, together with vocals.